Persian Ironwood

Parrotia persica

A good tree, a tree that should do well in Keizer.


Persian Ironwood is best known for its fantastic pumpkin yellow fall foliage and red winter flowers which appear before the foliage appears.

The bark of Persian Ironwood is initially smooth, and gray-brown. As the tree ages it eventually becomes very attractive with exfoliating patches revealing pale grays, silver, tans and cinnamon colors.


This deciduous tree grows to a height of 40’ and perhaps 25’ wide forming a single or multi-stemmed trunk. However, the branches often grow to the ground hiding the trunk anyway.

Leaves are arranged in an alternate fashion. They are simple, 3”-5” long,and ovate to obovate in shape. Leaf margins are wavy toothed. The leaves are similar in texture and shape to Fothergilla or Witch Hazel. During the summer the foliage is dark green but in the fall it turns brilliant shades of yellow-gold to pumpkin orange to purple.

Flowers are unique in that they lack petals and consist of showy red stamens.

Flowers morph to brown fruit pods which consist of 2-valved capsules. When mature the fruit pods open to expose one shiny brown seed within.


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